Peace Museum in Ukraine

 

 

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Opening hours:
Monday - Thursday: 10 a.m. - 7 p.m.
Saturday, Sunday - 10 a.m. - 6 p.m.
Friday: day off

Location
Vasyl Yan Library
13 Myru Avn., Kyiv, 02105
kyivpeace@gmail.com

 

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List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates

Year

Laureate

Country

Rationale

1901

Henry Dunant

  Switzerland

"for his humanitarian efforts to help wounded soldiers and create international understanding"

Frédéric Passy

France

"for his lifelong work for international peace conferences, diplomacy and arbitration."

1902

Élie Ducommun

Switzerland

"for his role as the first honorary secretary of the International Peace Bureau."

Charles Albert Gobat

Switzerland

 "for his role as the first Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union."

1903

William Randal Cremer

United Kingdom

"for his role as the "first father" of the Inter-Parliamentary Union."

1904

Institute of International Law

Belgium

"for its efforts as an unofficial body to formulate the general principles of the science of international law."

1905

Bertha von Suttner

Austria-Hungary

"for writing Lay Down Your Arms and contributing to the creation of the Prize."

1906

Theodore Roosevelt

United States

"for his successful mediation to end the Russo-Japanese war and for his interest in arbitration, having provided the Hague arbitration court with its very first case."

1907

Louis Renault

France

"for his work as a leading French international jurist and a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague."

Ernesto Teodoro Moneta

Italy

"for his work as a key leader of the Italian peace movement."

1908

Klas Pontus Arnoldson

Sweden

"for his work as founder of the Swedish Peace and Arbitration League."

Fredrik Bajer

Denmark

"for being the foremost peace advocate in Scandinavia, combining work in the Inter-Parliamentary Union with being the first president of the International Peace Bureau."

1909

Auguste Beernaert

Belgium

"for being a representative to the two Hague conferences, and a leading figure in the Inter-Parliamentary Union."

Paul Henri d'Estournelles de Constant

France

"for combined diplomatic work for Franco-German and Franco-British understanding with a distinguished career in international arbitration."

1910

Permanent International Peace Bureau

Switzerland

"for acting as a link between the peace societies of the various countries."

1911

Tobias Asser

Netherlands

"for being a member of the Court of Arbitration as well as the initiator of the Conferences on International Private Law."

Alfred Fried

Austria-Hungary

"for his work as founder of the German Peace Society."

1912

Elihu Root

United States

"for his strong interest in international arbitration and for his plan for a world court."

1913

Henri La Fontaine

Belgium

"for his work as head of the International Peace Bureau."

1914

Not awarded due to World War I.

1915

Not awarded due to World War I.

1916

Not awarded due to World War I.

1917

International Committee of the Red Cross

"for the efforts to take care of wounded soldiers and prisoners of war and their families."

1918

Not awarded due to World War I.

1919

Woodrow Wilson

United States

"for his crucial role in establishing the League of Nations"

1920

Léon Bourgeois

France

"for his participation in both the Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907 and for his work towards what became the League to such an extent that he was frequently called its 'spiritual father'."

1921

Hjalmar Branting

Sweden         

 "for his work in the League of Nations."           

Christian Lange

Norway

"for his work as the first secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee and the secretary-general of the Inter-Parliamentary Union."

1922

Fridtjof Nansen

Norway          

"for his work in aiding the millions in Russia struggling against famine and for the refugees in Asia Minor and Thrace."

1923

Not awarded

1924

Not awarded

1925

Sir Austen Chamberlain

United Kingdom

"for his work on the Locarno Treaties."[

Charles Gates Dawes

United States

"for his work on the Dawes Plan for German reparations which was seen as having provided the economic underpinning of the Locarno Pact of 1925."

1926

Aristide Briand

France

"for their work on the Locarno Treaties."

Gustav Stresemann

Germany

1927

Ferdinand Buisson

France

"for their contributions to Franco-German popular reconciliation."          

Ludwig Quidde

Germany

1928

Not awarded

1929

Frank Billings Kellogg

United States

"for the Kellogg-Briand pact, whose signatories agreed to settle all conflicts by peaceful means and renounced war as an instrument of national policy."

1930

Nathan Söderblom

Sweden

"for his efforts to involve the churches not only in work for ecumenical unity, but also for world peace."

1931

Jane Addams

United States

"for her social reform work and leading the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom."

Nicholas Murray Butler

United States

"for his promotion of the Briand-Kellogg pact and for his work as the leader of the more establishment-oriented part of the American peace movement."

1932

Not awarded

1933

Sir Norman Angell

United Kingdom

"for authoring The Great Illusion and for being a supporter of the League of Nations as well as an influential publicist and educator for peace in general."

1934

Arthur Henderson

United Kingdom

"for his work for the League, particularly its efforts in disarmament."

1935

Carl von Ossietzky

Germany

"for his struggle against Germany's rearmament."

1936

Carlos Saavedra Lamas

Argentina

"for his mediation of an end to the Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia."

1937

The Viscount Cecil of Chelwood

United Kingdom

"for his work with the League of Nations."

1938

Nansen International Office for Refugees

League of Nations

"for its work in aiding refugees."

1939

Not awarded due to World War II.

1940

Not awarded due to World War II.

1941

Not awarded due to World War II.

1942

Not awarded due to World War II.

1943

Not awarded due to World War II.

1944

International Committee of the Red Cross

Switzerland

"for the great work it has performed during the war in behalf of humanity."

1945

Cordell Hull

United States

"for his fight against isolationism at home, his efforts to create a peace bloc of states on the American continents, and his work for the United Nations Organization."

1946

Emily Greene Balch

United States

"for her work with the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom."

John Raleigh Mott

United States

"for establishing and strengthening international Protestant Christian student organizations that worked to promote peace."

1947

The Quakers (represented by Friends Service Council and American Friends Service Committee)

United States & United Kingdom

"for their work in assisting and rescuing victims of the Nazis."                        

1948

Not awarded because "there was no suitable living candidate." (A tribute to the recently assassinated Gandhi in India.)

1949

The Lord Boyd-Orr

United Kingdom

"for his scientific research into nutrition and his works as the first Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization."

1950

Ralph Bunche

United States

"for his works in resolving the Arab-Israeli conflict in Palestine."

1951

Léon Jouhaux

France

"for his work on social equality and Franco-German renconciliation."

1952

Albert Schweitzer

France

"for his propagation for the reverence of life, the very foundations of a lasting peace between individuals, nations, and races."

1953

George Catlett Marshall Jr.

United States

"for his work on the post-war European recovery."

1954

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

United Nations

"for protecting refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assisting in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country."

1955

Not awarded

1956

Not awarded

1957

Lester Bowles Pearson

Canada          

"for his role in helping end the Suez conflict and trying to solve the Middle East question through the United Nations."

1958

Dominique Pire

Belgium

"for his work in helping refugees in the post-World War II Europe."

1959

Philip Noel-Baker

United Kingdom

"for his lifelong work for international peace and cooperation."

1960

Albert Lutuli

South Africa

"for his role in the non-violent struggle against apartheid in South Africa."

1961

Dag Hammarskjöld

Sweden

"for strengthening the foundations of the United Nations Organization."

1962

Linus Pauling

United States

"for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing."

1963

International Committee of the Red Cross

Switzerland

"for their work in the protection of human rights in the ICRC's 100 years of existence."

League of Red Cross Societies

1964

Martin Luther King, Jr.

United States

"for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance."

1965

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

United States

"for their efforts in providing humanitarian and developmental aid to children worldwide."

1966

Not awarded

1967

Not awarded

1968

René Cassin

France

"for creating the first full draft of the Universal Declaration and his work in the European Court for Human Rights."

1969

International Labour Organization

United Nations

"for improving fraternity and peace among nations, pursuing decent work and justice for workers, and providing technical assistance to other developing nations."

1970

Norman Ernest Borlaug

United States

"for his contributions to the 'green revolution' that was having such an impact on food production, particularly in Asia and Latin America."

1971

Willy Brandt

Germany

"for his efforts to strengthen cooperation in Western Europe through the European Economic Community and to achieve reconciliation between West Germany and the other countries of Eastern Europe."

1972

Not awarded

1973

Henry Kissinger

United States

"for the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces."

Lê Đức Thọ

North Vietnam

1974

Seán MacBride

Ireland

"for his strong interest in human rights by piloting the European Convention on Human Rights through the Council of Europe, helping found and then lead Amnesty International and serving as secretary-general of the International Commission of Jurists."

Eisaku Satō

Japan

"for his renunciation of the nuclear option for Japan and his efforts to further regional reconciliation."

1975

Andrei Sakharov

Soviet Union

"for his struggle for human rights, for disarmament, and for cooperation between all nations."

1976

Betty Williams

United Kingdom

"for their works as cofounders of Community of Peace People, an organization dedicated to promoting a peaceful resolution to the Troubles in Northern Ireland."      

Mairead Corrigan

United Kingdom

1977

Amnesty International

United Kingdom

"for protecting the human rights of prisoners of conscience."

1978

Muhammad Anwar el-Sadat

Egypt

"for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel" Sadat was assassinated in 1981."

Menachem Begin

Israel

1979

Mother Teresa

India
(Born in Macedonia)

"for her work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress, which also constitutes a threat to peace."

1980

Adolfo Pérez Esquivel

Argentina

"for his efforts in the defense of human rights and for his opposition to Argentina's last civil-military dictatorship."

1981

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

United Nations

"for its effective and continuous work on refugees."

1982

Alva Myrdal

Sweden         

"for their magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition."                          

Alfonso García Robles

Mexico

1983

Lech Wałęsa

Poland

"for his contribution and considerable personal sacrifice to ensure the workers' right to establish their own organizations."

1984

Desmond Tutu

South Africa

 "for his role as a unifying leader-figure in the campaign to resolve the problem of apartheid in South Africa."

1985

International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

United States

"for their authoritative information and by creating an awareness of the catastrophic consequences of atomic warfare."

1986

Elie Wiesel

United States

"for his tireless efforts and speaking out against violence, repression and racism."

1987

Óscar Arias

Costa Rica

"for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year."

1988

United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces

United Nations

"for their efforts [that] have made important contributions towards the realization of one of the fundamental tenets of the United Nations."

1989

Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama

India
(Born in Tibet)

"for his non-violent struggle for the liberation of Tibet and advocating peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people."

1990

Mikhail Gorbachev

Soviet Union

"for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community."

1991

Aung San Suu Kyi

Burma

"for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights."

1992

Rigoberta Menchú

Guatemala

"for her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples."

1993

Nelson Mandela

South Africa

"for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa."

Frederik Willem de Klerk

South Africa

1994

Yasser Arafat

Palestine

"to honour a political act which called for great courage on both sides, and which has opened up opportunities for a new development towards fraternity in the Middle East."

Yitzhak Rabin

Israel

Shimon Peres

Israel

1995

Joseph Rotblat

Poland

"for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms."

Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

Canada          

1996

Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo

East Timor

"for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor."

José Ramos-Horta

East Timor

1997

International Campaign to Ban Landmines

Switzerland

"for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines."

Jody Williams

United States

1998

John Hume

Ireland

"for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland."

David Trimble

United Kingdom

1999

Médecins Sans Frontières

France

"in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents."

2000

Kim Dae-jung

South Korea

"for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular."

2001

United Nations

United Nations

"for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world."

Kofi Annan

Ghana

2002

Jimmy Carter

United States

"for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development."

2003

Shirin Ebadi

Iran

"for her efforts for democracy and human rights, focused especially on the rights of women and children."

2004

Wangari Muta Maathai

Kenya

"for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace."

2005

International Atomic Energy Agency

United Nations

"for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way."  

Mohamed ElBaradei

Egypt 

2006

Muhammad Yunus

Bangladesh

"for advancing economic and social opportunities for the poor, especially women, through their pioneering microcredit work."

Grameen Bank

Bangladesh

2007

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

United Nations

"for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change."

Al Gore

United States

2008

Martti Ahtisaari

Finland

"for his efforts on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts."

2009

Barack Obama

United States

"for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples."

2010

Liu Xiaobo

China

"for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China."

2011

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

Liberia

"for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work."           

Leymah Gbowee

Liberia

Tawakkul Karman

Yemen

2012

European Union

European Union

"for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe."

2013

Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons

Netherlands

"for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons."

2014

Kailash Satyarthi

India

"for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education."     

Malala Yousafzai

Pakistan

2015

Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet

Tunisia

"for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011."

2016

Juan Manuel Santos

Colombia

"for his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end, a war that has cost the lives of at least 220,000 Colombians and displaced close to six million people."

2017

International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons

Switzerland

"for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons."

2018

Denis Mukwege

Democratic Republic of the Congo

"for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict."

Nadia Murad

Iraq

2019

Abiy Ahmed

Ethiopia

 "for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea."

2020

World Food Programme

United Nations

"for its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict."